Thursday, July 8, 2010

Advice On How To Cure Cold And Fever With Honey

by snowpink

posted on 03/25/2009

Honey has been known in the world for many generation as a "miracle food" because of its versatilities. It has many health benefits and Asian people partly relies on honey as a natural remedy for fever and cold.

Cold and fever are very common especially when the weather is extreme. Health professionals always warned the people to take extra precautions by bringing umbrella and something to wear when rainy season comes in, or when during summer when our body required to stay outdoor. But despite of some precautionary measures, there are days when cold and fever couldn't be prevented. Most household, especially in some parts of Asian provinces like the Philippine countryside refused to take medicines because of its effect to the liver, so people from these areas resort to home remedies which naturally cure illnesses without adverse side effects.

One of known remedies in the Philippines are Lagundi and Honey. But the very common is honey which offers miraculous healing to patients, it has many benefits including cure for cold and fever. Here's how to prepare honey for whenever you have fever and cold:

First, prepare one glass of lukewarm water and squeeze 1 lemon juice and pour it to the water with 1 teaspoon of honey, properly mixed it and drink 3 times a day. Try to integrate the process by eating fresh fruits like banana, oranges, pineapple, apple and strawberry too, the very high concentration of vitamin C of these fruits effectively washed out bacteria. Refrain from drinking cold water during this period, it may only worsen your condition. Honey can help boost immune system and helps fight diseases inside the body system.

Second, eat at least two bananas twice a day lathered with honey for a fast recovery. Try to include this routine (eating banana and drinking lukewarm water with honey)after each meal and repeat the above procedure until cold and fever go away. Do not drink coffee and alcoholic drinks at the duration of your illness, it may only add to some discomfort. Try to eat plenty of fruits and vegetables too and drink lots of water and fruit juices to eliminate toxin and waste substances and keep your digestive tract healthy and cleanse all the time.

Above all, honey can do some trick for different illnesses, aside from cold and fever, it is also an effective remedy for swollen gums, acne and pimples even arthritis. Honey has an anti-inflammation and anti-bacterial properties that effectively heal and cleanse all bacteria. Honey can be bought at the supermarket and since it has no expiration date, you can bought it in advance and keep it in your refrigerator sealed in a bottle container.

So the next time you have cold and fever disregard all those medicines and try to reach for honey which is very safe and proven to have a tremendous healing effect.

Honey Health Benefits - 10 Home Remedies To Try

by Chenette Dagooc

Honey has been used as home remedies for numerous ailments among all group of age. Honey is used by the ayurvedic physicians over 3000 years as the best vehicle for almost all medicines.

Honey has a fabulous history for its wide application as food and medicines among all ethnical groups all over the world.

Here are some common home remedies which gives instant relief from ailments and prevents costly medical intervention and much pain.

For respiratory problems:

· Adding two teaspoons of honey and juice of half a lemon in a glass of hot water can make a drink of sore throats.

1/2 tsp. of Black pepper powder, 1/4 tsp. of long pepper powder and 1 tsp. of honey mixture is useful to overcome sore throat.

· Dried ginger powder 1/2 tsp, 2-3 black pepper cones, 2-3 cloves, 2-3 cardamom, 1/2 tsp.

Cummins seeds should be boiled and add little tea leaves and honey and can be had hot. It gives good relief of the throat pain, cold, and cough.

It can be taken two to three times in a day.

· Honey is free of unnecessary herbicides, pesticides, fertilizers, bee antibiotics and other substances that can harm your health.

· Honey is used to remove phlegm. Take 8- 10 tulsi leaves, 1-2 cloves of garlic, 1/2 inch piece ginger crushed and 3-4 black pepper cones, boil it in 1 cup of water.

Add 1 tsp. of honey to this and drink it warm. This is good for cold and cough with phlegm.

· Honey mixed with weak tea is useful for gargles in irritant cough.

Mix equal parts of ginger juice and honey and have it 2-3 times in a day which is good for cough.

Ginger powder, black pepper powder and honey is also good for dry cough and can be had 3-4 times in a day.

Pepper powder, dry ginger powder, liquorice root powder and honey mixture is good for dry cough.

1 tsp. turmeric, 2-3 tsp. ginger juice, 2-3 tsp. lime juice and 3 tsp. honey can be mixed and taken 3 times for cough in a day.

· Asafoetida is useful in the treatment of respiratory disorders like whooping cough, asthma and bronchitis.1 tsp. of asafoetida mixed with honey will help to keep away these disorders.

· A pinch of turmeric and one teaspoon of honey in warm milk can be taken daily for children and adults who get frequent colds.

For gastrointestinal problems:

· Honey 50 ml per litre is recommended instead of sugar in the oral rehydration fluid.

· Honey and ginger helps in proper digestion and prevents stomach diseases. Ginger juice is made with a teaspoon of freshly squeezed juice of ginger and lime and a teaspoon of honey in hot water.

· The nutmeg should be powdered and mixed with honey and can be taken during diarrhoea. It can be given to small children also. 1 teaspoon twice or thrice can be taken.

· One spoon of fresh honey mixed with the juice of half a lemon in a glass of lukewarm water taken first thing in the morning is very effective for constipation, hyperacidity, and obesity.

Antiseptic properties and beauty care
Honey is useful for the skin diseases. It can be applied externally for wounds, sores, and burns. It is also believed to minimise disfiguring scar.

Honey, turmeric, and gram flour is very good face pack. It can be applied for 15 - 20 minutes and washed off with water.

Honey - a tasty medicine from thousands of diseases

This tasty medicine is useful for everybody. Of course, we talk about honey. This very pleasant medicine is easy-to-use, has almost no side effects and overdoses

This tasty medicine is useful for everybody. Of course, we talk about honey. This very pleasant medicine is easy-to-use, has almost no side effects and overdoses.

Even if your baby manages to reach it, it will bring no harm to him. And another thing: you shouldn’t rush to a drug-store to buy this medicine, it’s always at hand. Well, from time to time everyone wants to try something tasty - so, there’s nothing better than honey. Honey is a high-calorie product and at the same time an efficient medicinal remedy.

Honey is a real cocktail of glucose, fructose, proteins, ferments, vitamins (B2, B6, PP and etc.), various mineral substances and organic acids. Fresh honey - is a thick transparent paste, which starts crystallizing and hardening with time. You should remember, ripe honey has the best taste and sustenance. To determine ripeness of honey, you can put a spoon in it and turn it. Unripe honey trickles down from a spoon, and ripe one - winds it up. With time honey can (and should) become sugared. Its quality doesn’t change, and this thickening only points at its high quality. Color spectrum of honey is much varied - from light-yellow (acacia) to dark-brown (buckwheat).

Honey can be even green, although its color, taste and scent (”bouquet”) are determined by time and place of harvest. By the way, there’re more mineral substances (iron, copper and etc.) in dark honey. Honey contains almost whole Mendeleev periodic system. Honey takes one of the first places as a source of energy in food products calorie charts. 1 kg of honey contains 3150 calories. Probably, it’s not very good for our waist, but it’s just great for a growing child’s organism. Besides proteins, playing role of a plastic substance, honey also contains folacin, which is so necessary for children and teenagers. It is wonderfully digested, not breaking children enamel. German stomatologists recommend parents to replace sugar and other sweets by honey strongly.

Qauntity of honey, which you can (and sometimes should) eat per day, is 100 g for adults and 30-50 g - for children. It’s better to distribute this quantity among several meals. In general, we need to say that honey is useful for everybody - both healthy and ill - as an excellent preventive measure to increase immunity, while frequent catarrhal diseases, anemias, neuroses, liver and heart disorders, alimentary canal disorders. Enthusiasts of honey treatment use honey to cure almost all diseases - from skin to endocrine. You can take honey in different ways, depending on your disease. Thus, if you have problems with nasopharynx, it’s better to take small portions of honey and keep them in mouth for a long. Then antibacterial substances, contained in honey, will start being absorbed yet in mouth and throat cavities. If you suffer from alimentary canal diseases, it’s better to dilute honey with water to receive thick consistence. And if you have pharyngitis, laryngitis and bronchitis, it’s better to use honey inhalations. Sort also plays a certain role. Thus, if you see no cardinal improvement of the situation in 1-2 months, then, probably, you should choose other sort of honey.

You should eat honey 3-4 times per day. If you suffer from gastritis with hypoacidity, you should take honey right before meal, you can dilute if with cold water if you wish. And while gastritis with overacidity honey is diluted with warm water and eaten 1,5-2 hours before meal. Honey can also be included in stomach ulcer treatment. You should consult a doctor to avoid side effects of medical and honey treatment. Honey is diluted with warm water and taken the same way as while gastritis with overacidity, 2 hours before or 3 hours after meal (better while breakfast or lunch).

Folk medicine of almost all countries notes medicinal effect of honey on nervous system. In an ancient Chinese book “Description of plants and herbs of Apis” it is said: “Long usage of honey hardens will power, adds lightness to a body, prolongs life”. Honey - is a wonderful sedative and sleeping-draught. Unlike medical preparations, it causes no side effects: depression, tiredness and attention and coordination disorder. Honey is used while such diseases, like various neuroses (including “heart” one) and neurasthenia. While excitability, headaches, supressed mood and lowered capacity for work it’s recommended to take 100-120 g of honey per day, in the morning and evening - 30 g, and after lunch - 40 g. You will find no better soporific remedy, than a glass of warn honey water 30 minutes before going to bed.

You your baby or you suffer from stomatopathy and nasopharynx diseases, you can try honey gargle of different compositions. You can add chamomile flowers, lime-blossom, oak’s bark (1 table spoons) to honey (1 table spoon on a glass of water). But still most often we apply for honey while cold. To increase medicinal effect, you can mix honey with lime flowers extract, raspberry, coltsfoot leaves or marjoram. Extracts are prepared on the basis of 1 table spoon of herb and 1 table spoon of honey for a glass of water. If you don’t like scent of medicinal herbs for some reason - mix honey with warm milk.

Honey can be used as a preventive measure against rachitis, anemia, strengthening of immunity since first years of a child’s life. Swiss doctors recommend smearing baby’s gums with honey while teething. In Insitute of Public Health (USA) they use honey treatment to cure anemia and rachitis successfully. But if you decided to start anemia and rachitis treatment, you should eat dark honey. It contains 4 times more iron, than light one. A month will pass, and you will see how your child’s condition changes in a miraculous way - not only blood values improve, but also general health, sleep and mood. In Japan, they give a spoon of honey, mixed with pollen, to all children in the morning. It is considered, that this influences a baby’s intellect development positively.

Honey is also a harmless cosmetic remedy. If shaving brings only troubles to your husband - persuade him to smear skin with honey. Honey is a very strong hemostatic, it quickens regeneration and softens skin.

Wel, you can give yourself a treat sometimes - prepare a honey bath. You will need 250 g of honey for one bath, duration - 15 minutes. Such bath will definitely heighten your vitality and strenghten your trust in miraculous abilities of honey.

However, you still should not forget about possibility of allergic reactions. Supersensitivity to honey can be different - nettle-rash, edemata, breathlessness, vomiting and diarrhea. If you notice such symptoms, you should stop eating honey immediately.

Finally, there’re several practical advices: remember, honey absorbs all surrounding smells very easily. And if you keep it uncovered close to cheese, fish or pickled onions, don’t be surprised that it smells with them. So, glass or ceramic (but not iron) crockery will be the best one to keep honey. And if you decided to turn hardened honey into liquid one, put a dish with honey in a pan with hot water and heat. However, while heating over 37-40C honey starts losing its medicinal qualities. So, don’t show excess of zeal. Eat honey and don’t be ill!

Honey In Modern Therapeutics

Honey plays an insignificant part in our modern Materia Medial, though strained, clarified, borated and rose honey are listed in many pharmacopoeias. The mel depuratum (clarified honey) is rather an inadequate substance because it is subjected to heating and is filtered through cloth which also robs it of some mineral elements.

In lay, let us call it unscientific medicine, especially in the rural districts, however, honey is today a more popular nostrum than the medical profession would surmise. Physicians, with few ex ceptions, grin broadly at the mere mention of the medicinal and food merits of honey. Of course, the name honey sounds rather homely, almost dilettant. How much more knowledge and intelligence the term, cinchophen, for example, reveals. This sub-stance was widely advertised and the medical fraternity, conformably, employed it. It soon became so popular that the general public began to use it indiscriminately. After it had caused irreparable harm and many patients had died from its effect, the sale without a prescription was prohibited. This is only one in-stance. On the other hand, people will ignore good things which are within their reach.

Something should be done to induce the medical profession to look more carefully into the remedial and dietetic value of honey. On the European continent, where physicians are paid for keeping patients in good health, honey is freely used. It is time that American physicians should do likewise and obviate the possibility of a rather embarrassing accusation that instead of pre-venting disease, they prevent health. It is the physician's duty to help and to educate the public.

In antiquity and all through the Middle Ages, honey was an important medicine. Up to the end of the last century, it still held the place of honor in the service of Aesculapius. Only with the advent of the millions of patented and well-advertised domestic and imported whatnots was honey almost banished as a curative substance, the same fate which it suffered as a sweetening matter upon the introduction of refined sugar. Thanks to the simple country-folk and to the primitive races, honey is yet in its glory as a dispenser of health and as a valued remedy. Honey cures were popular in many European countries for the tired feeling caused by the so-called spring fever.

The consideration alone that a snake is pictured coiled around the stick of Aesculapius, eager to feast from a cup of honey, ought to be sufficient exhortation to medical men to be more interested in this substance. (Aesculapius, the god of Medicine, who not only healed the sick but restored the dead to life, held the snake sacred. The snake was the emblem of health and recovery. The snakes were fed on honey or honey cakes. Whoever entered the cave of Trophonius had to throw honey cake to the snakes (Pausanias IX. 39:5). Honey was also the favorite food of the fabled serpent, the guardian of the Acropolis (Herodot. VIII. 41). The snake of Aesculapius in Cos was given honey and honey cake (Herondas IV. 90; Virgil Aeneid IV. 484).

Among the Asiatic races, including the Chinese and the Hindu, and among the Egyptians, Arabs and the African tribes, honey is still considered an excellent protective food and a sovereign internal and external remedy. Amongst the Wa-Sania tribes, British East Africa, a mother's only nutriment for several days after the birth of a child is honey with hot water. A boy, after he has been circumcised (usually at the age of 3 or 4) is permitted only to consume honey and water for a week. Among the Nandis some honey is placed on the tongue of a child before circumcision. Honey is often combined by them with the bark and leaves of certain trees and plants. Among the rural population of the old countries, especially among the Greeks, Italians, Hungarians and all the Slavic races, honey is a popular home remedy. Their laxative medicines, likewise those for coughs, bronchitis, tuberculosis and other pulmonary ailments, contain honey. For respiratory troubles honey is often mixed with anis, pepper, horseradish, ginger, mustard and garlic. A glassful of warm milk with a table-spoonful of honey is used for bronchitis and debilitated conditions. Goat's milk or buttermilk and honey is a favored and popular remedy for tuberculosis. Goat's milk is most nutritious and very digestible. It is nearest to human milk. There are more vitamins, minerals, fats and proteins in goat's milk than in any other milk. In the East, Far East, Africa and in most European countries goat's milk is extremely popular. Recently there have been considerable efforts made in the United States to popularize goat raising.

The diuretic effect of honey which was well known in antiquity, is still employed in kidney and bladder involvements. In pyelitis (inflammation of the renal pelvis) honey increases the amount of urine and exerts a decided antiseptic effect. The patients quickly improve; the urine clears and loses its putrid odor. The laxative effect of honey in these cases is also of advantage. One of the author's correspondents (J. L. McD., of Marion, Indiana), wrote thus about the subject: "A bee-keeping friend of mine suffered from tuberculosis of the kidney and was given up by two doctors fifteen years ago. He got to eating honey and plenty of it and he is today as peppy as a youngster." Honey is an important ingredient of worm-cures. The African tribes also mix their tobacco and their aphrodisiac remedies with honey.

Among the so-called "civilized" communities we find some people who favor honey, especially for throat and bronchial ailments. During many years' professional contact with opera singers, the writer has found that they frequently resorted to honey for the treatment of their throat affections. They consider it an excellent demulcent and expectorant. Three parts of honey and one part of compound tincture of benzoin is popular among singers; so is an occasional gulp from a mixture of two ounces of honey, one ounce of lemon juice and an ounce of pure glycerin. Honey (125 gm.) and alum (25 gm.) added to one quart of water is a useful gargle. The mixture of honey and alum is highly valued for sore throat and ulcerations of the gums and mouth. Hot milk and honey make an excellent remedy for husky throats.

Another correspondent of the author (M. S. of Kansas City, Mo.) has written about the curative value of honey in pulmonary affection, as follows: "In 1925, I became ill and consulted several doctors, all of whom gave the verdict of active tuberculosis. After seven months, two doctors gave me up, and said that my only chance was to go West, which I could not afford to do. At a later date, they frankly informed me that I had only three months to live and insisted on sending me to Colorado. I was then living in Kansas City, Missouri, and had previously been engaged in cement and paving work. I managed to land a job in Nemaha County, Kansas, about 140 miles west of Kansas City. My work was to establish an apiary of one hundred colonies for a commercial orchard. I was to `batch' in a room in the apple house, which had a cement floor. Often it took all my strength to carry a gallon bucket of water from the well, one hundred feet away. In studying bees, I had learned the value of honey in driving out and destroying all germs in the human body. I used honey regularly and I worked to the limit of my strength. Three years later, the same doctors examined me and found only a few spots on my lungs. They absolutely refused to believe that I was the same person. Today, I take my place as an average man. I take care of two hundred fifty colonies of bees and a farm of twenty-five acres of land. The only help I have is about one month during the honey harvest. I don't know whether the honey cured me, or it was the fact that I was too lazy to crawl into my coffin, but I believe the honey and possibly the raw diet were the major factors of my recovery."

J. J. H., of Brownsville, Florida, reports that when his grand-mother was a young girl she was given up by her physicians as a hopeless consumptive. Someone prescribed a diet of honey and goat's milk, with the result that she lived to the age of eighty-eight and was free from illness during the rest of her lifetime.

M. D. A., of Old Forge, New York, is certainly a great admirer of honey. He writes: "Having kept bees and eaten honey for over thirty years, I can tell about my own experience and give also observations of other people who use honey exclusively for sweetening. I never have known a beekeeper who had any kind of kidney trouble. They all have a clear complexion, good eyesight and no lameness. Among my friends who eat honey and keep bees, there is no cancer or paralysis. My best remedy for a bee sting is to cover it with honey, even a deep burn will not scar if treated the same way. I have seen sour milk, whole wheat cracked for cereal, honey and butter do wonders in diet. I cured the cough of a great number of my friends, where other remedies failed, with this prescription:

4 tablespoonfuls of honey
1 teaspoonful of sulphur
5 drops of pure turpentine

Mix it, take half-teaspoonful two or three hours apart." The soporific effect of honey is par excellence. The French Voirnot advocated it for insomnia. Dr. Lorand (of Carlsbad) also recommends honey as a good hypnotic and reconstructive. D. Dumoulin, when eighty years old, commented, "Chaque soir, avant de me mettre au lit, je prends une cuiller â cafe de miel, soit pur, soit dans du lait chaud, et je dors comme â vingt ans." (Every night, before I go to bed I take a teaspoonful of honey, sometimes pure, other times in hot milk and I sleep like when twenty years old.) A tumblerful of hot water with one or two tablespoonfuls of ripe honey and the juice of half a lemon has been the author's favorite potion for nervous insomnia. This simple and inexpensive home remedy has been greatly appreciated by his patients and most of them have assured him that it is more helpful than (an infinite number of patented drugs could equitably replace these dots).

In digestive disturbances honey is of great value. Honey does not ferment in the stomach because, being an inverted sugar, it is easily absorbed and there is no danger of a bacterial invasion. The flavor of honey excites the appetite and helps digestion. The propoma of the ancients, made of honey, was a popular appetizer. For anemics, dyspeptics, convalescents and the aged, honey is an excellent reconstructive and tonic. In malnutrition, no food or drug can equal it. The laxative value of honey, on account of its lubricating effect, is well known. Its fatty acid content stimulates peristalsis. In gastric catarrh, hyperacidity, gastric and duodenal ulcers and gall bladder diseases honey is recommended by several eminent gastroenterologists.

Dr. Schacht, of Wiesbaden, claims to have cured many hope-less cases of gastric and intestinal ulcers with honey and without operations. It is rather unusual that a physician of standing has the courage and conviction to praise honey. The beekeepers and their friends know that honey will cure gastric and intestinal ulcerations, this distressing, prevalent and most dangerous malady, a precursor of cancer. But the news has not yet reached 99% of the medical profession. The remaining few physicians who know it, are afraid to suggest such an unscientific and plebeian remedy, for fear of being laughed at by their colleagues and scientifically inclined patients. You may read in almost every issue of apicultural papers the reports of correspondents regarding their experience with honey for gastric ulcers, after going through the medical mill for years without improvement, with-out even hope of ever getting cured. Then incidentally they meet a beekeeper or one of his converts and if they have courage and common sense (there are few) to heed the advice, they get well. It is disheartening for a physician to read such reports. For in-stance, a correspondent (A. L. T. of Omaha, Nebr.), writes in Gleanings in Bee Culture, February, 1931), "I have been a sufferer from ulcerated stomach for several years, part time in the hospital, part time in bed and nearly all the time in much pain. I noticed from the middle of September I was much better and gave no thought to the reason but kept up eating honey because I relished it. I had no attack since and it held good. . . ." It would fill a volume to assemble similar testimonials, praising particularly the curative value of honey in gastric and intestinal disorders, including ulcers. Father Kneipp, a great admirer of honey, remarked: "Smaller ulcers in the stomach are quickly contracted, broken and healed by it."

Honey is a rapidly acting source of muscular energy and has great value as a restorative. The protoplasm craves sugar as does an individual. Muscles in action consume three and a half times as much glycogen as when at rest. A normal heart, according to Starling, uses glycogen at the rate of four milligrams per gram of heart per hour. The invigorating effect of honey was discussed under the heading, "Honey for Athletes and Soldiers." It is not surprising that many well-known physicians recommend honey for an ailing heart. Dr. Lorand in Old Age Deferred, and in Life Shortening Habits and Rejuvenation, expresses his faith in honey as a sine qua non in arteriosclerosis and weak heart. Dr. G. N. W. Thomas, of Edinburgh, Scotland, in an article in the Lancet remarks that "in heart weakness I have found honey to have a marked effect in reviving the heart action and keeping patients alive. I had further evidence of this in a recent case of pneumonia. The patient consumed two pounds of honey during the illness; there was an early crisis with no subsequent rise of temperature and an exceptionally good pulse. I suggest that honey should be given for general physical repair and, above all, for heart failure." Sir Arbuthnot Lane also emphasized the value of honey as a heart and muscle stimulant, and as an excellent source of energy. There is no better food, he thought, to meet muscular fatigue and exhaustion.

Carbohydrate and especially sugar metabolism has great importance. Energy is primarily the result of carbohydrate assimilation. Hyperglycemic individuals are, as a rule, more energetic and less prone to fatigue; subglycemic people tire easily and are apathetic. Certain nervous types, though glycophile subjects, exhaust their sugar reserve fast and wear out just as quickly. Lack of energy is not always due to laziness.

In typhoid fever and pneumonia, where the digestive functions are badly crippled, honey is most beneficial. Why embarrass enfeebled digestions with foods which require chemical changes before their assimilation when we can administer a serviceable and pleasant food which is predigested? For the treatment of typhoid fever, honey diluted in water is the author's preferential food. It is an ideal substance, in this special instance, on account of its demulcent effect on the inflamed intestines, its rapid assimilation and its capability to supply food and energy without causing fermentation, which is so much feared in typhoid fever. Honey, a concentrated and predigested food, is absorbed orally I00% and per rectum 96%. For rectal feeding honey is exceptionally well adapted. Galen's honey and oil enema was highly valued in antiquity. While sugar favors worms, honey was considered as one of the best vermifuge remedies by all ancients and it is widely used for this purpose, even today, by primitive races.

Medical textbooks pay only little attention to the real worth and merit of honey. The results which some physicians have de-rived from the use of honey, as a rule, have been incidental. Dr. C. H. English, Medical Director of the Lincoln National Life Insurance Co., vividly describes his own experience (Gleanings in Bee Culture, 55:1927). About forty-one years ago the doctor practiced medicine among rural folk. He acquired two colonies of bees which soon increased and it was not long until he had more honey on hand than he and his family could use. Not wishing to sell honey, it occurred to him to distribute his surplus stock among patients. There were a sufficient number of cases which offered an excellent field to try out the nutrimental, medicinal and tonic effects of honey. In respiratory troubles, the doctor found that honey acted not only as a good expectorant but as a valuable heart tonic. In pneumonia, near the crisis, when honey was freely given, it had a marked effect. The benefits were so evident that the administration of honey became a routine practice with him. He found no other food or heart stimulant which had a more lasting effect. This practice he kept up for fifteen years with the most gratifying results. Occasionally in severe cases, when he ran short of honey, he noticed the difference and when he succeeded again in procuring some the improvement was quite manifest. Dr. English also used honey success-fully in infant feeding.

The blood reconstructive power of honey can be surmised from a recent report from Germany. According to this information Edmund Eckardt (thirty-five years old) a champion blood donor, whose only visible means of support is to supply blood for trans-fusions, just celebrated his jubilee. He has saved fifty lives in the last three years. When interviewed as to how he makes good his losses he described his diet. During daily breakfast he consumes honey; for luncheon he has fish and vegetables and drinks orange juice with his dinner. His main reliance is on honey and oranges, of which he eats thirty a day. An expert of the Blood Transfusion Betterment Association of New York, when inter-viewed on the subject, suggested that Eckhardt's faith in oranges is unjustified because what a blood donor needs is iron, and Eckardt in fact, "does not mention that any part of his diet contains iron." Another occasion where "dethroned" honey was utterly disregarded! Count Luckner, of World War fame, is an extremely moderate eater. He is about sixty-five years old and looks no more than forty. Luckner bends a silver half-dollar with two fingers and tears a Manhattan telephone directory into small pieces with greatest ease. The Count relates that his first food in the morning is a "goodly portion of honey."

Many people, especially beekeepers, and a few physicians (this writer among them) claim that honey taken internally prevents and often cures arthritic and rheumatoid ailments. The peasants of Hungary even put a honey poultice over the big toe in gout and they say the pain disappears in half an hour. Such assertions have, of course, all the earmarks of unscientific broach. Still there are many who insist that honey has benefited them more than all the "scientific" vaccines. Vitamin C deficiency would explain an impaired circulation and recent researches ( James F. Reinhart, Studies relating to Vitamin C deficiency in rheumatic fever and rheumatoid arthritis, Annals of Internal Medicine, December, 1935), clearly prove that lack of vitamin C favors the development of infectious arthritis. Dr. Heermann of Kassel, Germany, suggests (Fortschritte der Medizin, Vol. 54) 1936) the use of honey for rheumatism, atrophy of muscles, nervous conditions, tuberculotic glands, etc., both internally and externally. He employed honey with success for thirty-five years. Dr. Heermann thinks it is unnecessary to extract the venom of the bees to treat these conditions. Honey itself contains some venom because the bees use their stings not only for defense but also for the preservation of honey.

Many beekeepers are of the opinion that, besides the admitted and generally recognized curative effects of the stings in rheumatic ailments, honey also contributes its benefits in preventing and curing these diseases. As an illustration, I quote a letter from J. L. McD., of Marion, Indiana: "I began bee keeping be-cause I had rheumatism, and it has disappeared, but I consider it due more to the fact that I ate honey than to bee stings. Nearly four years ago, I had rheumatism in my knees. I finally went to Dr. K of Marion, Indiana, for advice. He put me on a citrous fruit diet, allowing only honey. In a week, he allowed breakfast food sweetened with honey. It did the work, and I liked honey so well that I bought a few hives of bees to supply my family, and now—nearly four years later—I want everyone to know honey and to like it, as Nature's own health-sweet, full of pep and vitamins that God gave us, pure as snow. My growing son is developing into a healthy, sturdy ten-year old since the use of honey, egg and milk drinks. My rheumatism never returned."

Honey, taken by itself and not mixed with other foods, was considered by the ancients an excellent remedy for obesity. Bee-keepers today, who know it from their own experience, will confirm this allegation. The regimen, at a glance, sounds rather unscientific to a modern physician; nevertheless it has a deeper biochemical meaning than it appears to have. Fats and sugars are both carbon-containing and energy-providing foods which burn up by contact with oxygen and create energy. Sugars which contain more carbon elements and are more inflammable produce energy more quickly. Fats which contain less carbon and oxygen than sugars, are utilized slower because their purpose is only to supply reserve energy; they require more oxygen and more draught to set them afire and are not meant for immediate use. If there is not enough sugar to keep the fires burning, the system will resort to its reserve fat. Accordingly when sugars, especially honey, are ingested into the system they will cause a rapid combustion and the fats will burn with the aid of the draught produced by their "fire." If an organism is slow to burn up fat (as in obesity), it will be assisted by the rapidity of sugar metabolism. The process could be compared to setting slowly inflammable coal ablaze with the aid of straw, kindling wood or even oil. Of course, there is sufficient oxygen in carbohydrates to assist in the combustion of carbon elements even without an outside source of oxygen.

Acknowledging some more medical information received from the laity, the writer's attention has been repeatedly called to the beneficial effect of honey on hay fever victims. There are many reports that the consumption of honey collected by bees from goldenrod and fireweed will cure hay fever superinduced by the selfsame pollen. Now comes Dr. George D. McGrew, of the Army Medical Corps of the William Beaumont General Hospital in El Paso, Texas, with a statement in an article published in the Military Surgeon that during the 1936 hay-fever season thirty-three hay-fever sufferers obtained partial or complete re-lief through the consumption of honey, produced in their vicinity. The brood cells contain a considerable amount of bee-bread (pollen) stored by the bees for their young and when this is orally administered it will produce a gradual immunity against the allergic symptoms caused by the same pollen. Dr. McGrew found particular relief for patients when they chewed the honey with the wax of the brood-cells. The hospital staff also made an alcoholic extract from pollen and administered it in from one to ten drop doses, according to the requirements of the patients.

Old beekeepers will tell you that a glassful of hot water with a tablespoonful of honey and some lemon juice will cure influenza and also help the pocketbook. (We physicians should not begrudge the medical propensity of farmers. They seem to agree with Bernard Shaw's remark that every profession is a conspiracy against the laity, so they retaliate. And the time-honored principle, experience versus theory, upon which Napoleon so often commented, should also be taken into consideration. The Hungarians have liberally consumed paprika for a thousand years and are convinced that it has contributed in a great measure to their health and temperament. After Professor Szent-Györgyi, the discoverer of Vitamin C, had tried unsuccessfully in Chicago to produce this vitamin from tons of liver, he returned very much disappointed to Hungary, where he accidentally found that red pepper is a rich source of Vitamin C.)

Honey would have a wider and better use in modern medicine if comprehensive microchemical and physiological studies would be instituted to determine the types of honey which are best suited to particular cases. The properties and tendencies of honeys vary according to the chemical characteristics of the nectar and pollen of plants from which they were collected. Dr. C. A. Browne, Principal Chemist in charge of research, Bureau of Chemistry and Soils, U. S. Department of Agriculture, admits that the gross composition of honeys of various types have been accurately determined but that comparatively little has been done and much more remains to be done toward ascertaining the nature and quantities of less common substances that occur in honey. Nitrogenous compounds (proteins), though honey contains these in small amounts, still play a very important rôle in the utilization of honey. The same applies to amino acids, various colloidal sub-stances, to the mineral constituents and enzymes which honey contains. We have comparatively little definite knowledge about the so-called dextrins. The mineral content of honey considerably affects the degree of its acidity (pH). Dr. Browne thinks that more knowledge on the subject would be of great value in ear-marking the various types of honey, which would serve as a guide in choosing the most suitable types for particular use.

Medicinal Value Of Honey


TO SUBDIVIDE the dietetic and medicinal values of honey Tis rather a difficult task. Wholesome food preserves health and likewise prevents or aids the cure of a disease. The advantages attributed to honey as an aliment apply as well to its medicinal properties. The rapid assimilation of invert sugars which honey contains makes it, for instance, a desirable source of quick energy, a practical food and, at the same time, an effective heart stimulant.

The use of honey as an internal and external remedial agent must be much older than the history of medicine itself; it is, beyond doubt, the oldest panacea. While primeval man had to search first and probe the curative effects of the various organic and inorganic substances, honey, the greatest delicacy of Nature within his easy reach, surely could not have escaped his attention very long and he must soon have become convinced of its supreme curative value.

In the most ancient scripts we already find references to honey as a glorified food, an ingredient of favored drinks, a popular medicine and the principal component of liniments and plasters. The oldest mythologies praised the invigorating and health-giving qualities of honey. Many allusions were made to its magic healing power.

The Bible (both the Old and New Testaments), the Talmud, the Koran, the sacred books of India, China, Persia and Egypt, all speak of honey in laudatory terms, as a food, beverage and medicine.

Honey is frequently mentioned in the Bible. Solomon in his Proverbs (24:13) advises: "My son, eat thou honey, for it is good." The Jews advocated honey as a producer of wit and intellect; it was supposed to make one "mentally keen." Moses, when exposed in the fields, sucked honey from a pebble (Exod. R. 23:8). The resuscitating and invigorating effects of honey are disclosed in the Bible. Jonathan, the son of Saul, had his eyes enlightened with the aid of honey, after which he had a better understanding of the people than his father had. While Jonathan was passing through the woods during the war against the Philistines, he found honey dripping on the ground; he plunged his spear into it, and ate enough to restore his lost strength. He was, however, sentenced to death because he ate honey on a day of abstinence.

Honey was referred to in most ancient writings as a gift of God. St. Ambrose said: "The fruit of the Bees is desired of all, and is equally sweet to Kings and Beggars and it is not only pleasing but profitable and healthful, it sweetens their mouthes, cures their wounds and convaies remedies to inward Ulcers."

The Koran, the Code of Islam, recommended honey as a wholesome food and excellent medicine. In the XVIth Chapter of the Koran, entitled The Bee, we find: "There proceedeth from their bellies a liquor of various colour, wherein is medicine for men." The "various colour" refers to the diversified colors of honeys. Mohammed pronounced: "Honey is a remedy for all dis-eases." The Prophet ordered the eating of honey not only because it was an exquisite food and an important healing substance but because it brought one good luck. The followers of Islam looked upon honey as a talisman. The Mohammedans, to whom alcoholic fermented drinks were prohibited, drank their water with honey, which habit still prevails among the African Mohammedan negroes. Ismael Abulfeda, the thirteenth century historian, relates how Mohammed, on the day after his wedding to Safiya Hoya, a Jewess of Aaron's tribe, celebrated the occasion with a luxurious meal. Among the main delicacies, he mentions honey, dates and cream. When Mohammed reached the seventh heaven he found Christ, Who ordered Archangel Gabriel to offer Mohammed a cup filled with honey. The Mohammedan conception of Paradise was "rivers flowing with honey."

According to a Mohammedan legend, young Abraham (Abu-ram), who lived about 2000 B.C. spent fifteen months in a cave. On Allah's order, he obtained water from his thumb, milk from his index finger, honey from the middle one, date juice from the fourth, and butter from his little finger.

There is a story that a man once went to Mohammed and told him that his brother was afflicted with violent pains in his belly and with diarrhea, upon which the prophet bade him give his brother honey. He heeded the prophet's advice, but soon returned and reported to Mohammed that the medicine had not done his brother any good. Mohammed exclaimed: "Go and give him more honey, for God speaks true, and thy brother's belly lies." The dose being repeated, the man, by God's mercy and the salutary effect of honey, was cured. The Koran repeatedly mentions the technical skill of the bees in producing sweet honey from the bitter juices of plants. Mohammed maintained that medicines administered by physicians are bitter but those given by God are as sweet as honey. (The moderns believe that the more bitter the medicine the better the doctor.) An Arabic writer (Ibn Magih) quotes the words of the Prophet: "Honey is a medicine for the body and the Koran is medicine for the soul; benefit yourselves by the use of the Koran and of honey." The Arabs, before they ate honey, exclaimed: "Bism Allah" (in the name of Allah) or "Allah Akbar" (Allah the greatest). The Arabic name of the bee is nahlat, which means a gift—of course—of Allah, and han means honey. Apparently it was the root of the German "honig" and English "honey." Arabia was the last stepping stone before honey invaded Europe from the East.

Honey must have been abundant in ancient Egypt. The He-brews referred to it as "a land flowing with milk and honey." The Egyptian papyri are full of praise about the curative properties of honey. The Papyrus Ebers especially praised its medicinal value. According to this most ancient source of knowledge, honey was not only a staple commodity but a popular medicine, extensively used internally, and also externally in surgical dressings for burns, ulcers and preeminently for weakness and inflammation of the eyes. Laxative and worm remedies of ancient Egypt without exception contained honey. Milk and honey was their choice for infant feeding. There were only a few medicines in ancient Egypt which did not contain honey. The bee, its producer, occupies a prominent place in all hieroglyphic writings. Most prescriptions of the papyri were taken to Greece and the Greeks introduced them to Europe where they are still used today.

In ancient China honey was used only as a component of diets and as a medicine. The Chinese never utilized honey as a sweetening substance. China is the native land of the sugar cane, and for this reason bees were rarely cultivated. Even today in the interior of China, honey can be obtained only in the old-style medicine shops.

In India, Persia, Arabia, Assyria, Greece and in the Roman Empire, honey was much in demand as a remedial agent for internal and external use. On the entire European Continent it was in popular use, especially among the Slavic and Nordic races. In the Eddas we find that the life of Liafsburg, the mother of Saint Lindgar, was saved with a spoonful of honey.

If we review the therapeutic field in which honey was used by the ancients, we find that its main employment was as a helpful remedy for gastric and intestinal disorders, especially as a pleasant laxative. Respiratory troubles were next in order. The sedative and soporific power of honey is often emphasized. The diuretic effect of honey was well known and it was a favored remedy for all kinds of inflammation of the kidneys, for gravel and stones. The antiseptic property of honey made it a desirable gargle, expectorant and a valuable adjunct in mouth hygiene. In inflammation of the eyes and eyelids honey was extensively used. Attic honey had a special reputation as a curative substance for eye disorders. The Egyptians carried its fame with them to their country. In one of the Egyptian papyri it is mentioned that a man begged that they fetch him some honey from Attica which he needed for his eyes. In surgical dressings and skin diseases it was a remedy of first choice. The smallpox patients were anointed with honey. It was also employed as a vehicle for nauseous or bitter medicines. Lucretius referred to it 2000 years ago:

"Physician-like, who when a bitter draught
Of wormwood is disgusted by a child
To cheat his taste, he brims the nauseous cup
With the sweet lure of honey."

Hippocrates was a great believer in honey. He considered it a very good expectorant. According to Hippocrates, the physical virtues of honey were: "It causes heat, cleans sores and ulcers, softens hard ulcers of the lips, heals carbuncles and running sores." (Hippocrates alleged that if the seeds of cucumbers and other plants are first soaked in honey and then planted, "the fruit that groweth of them will taste sweeter.") He recommended honey for difficulty in breathing because "it causes spitting." Hippocrates believed that honey "with other things" is nourishing and induces a good complexion but eaten alone it attenuates rather than refreshes because it provokes urine and purges too much. According to the legend (Samuel Purchas, A Theatre of Politicall Flying Insects, 1657, p. 163), a swarm of bees lived for a long time in the sepulcher of Hippocrates, the prince of physicians, and produced honey there. Nurses carried children to the grave and anointed their lips with this magic honey which easily cured them. Dioscorides, the Greek physician (first century A.D.), whose Materia Medica is one of the oldest sources of medical knowledge, often mentions honey as an excellent medicine. He also praises the medicinal value of wax, propolis and honey-wine.

Cornelius Celsus remarked in De Medicina (first half of the first century A.D.) that a physician must heal in a safe, quick and pleasing manner (tuto, cito et jucunde), and all this could be best accomplished with honey.

Galen recommended the mixing of four parts of honey with one part of gall of the sea-tortoise which, when dropped into the eyes, would improve the sight. To quote Marcellus: "The honey pure and neat wherein the Bees are dead, let that drop into the eyes; or honey mixt with the ashes of the heads of Bees, makes the eyes very clear." Pliny also credited honey in which bees have died with the faculty of relieving dullness of sight and hearing. In antiquity, honey had a great reputation in producing clearer vision, which may be the reason for its reputation of endowing the power of divination, improving thus not only the physical but also the spiritual sight. Some historians believe that when Jeroboam sent his wife with a cruse of honey to the prophet Ahijah it was meant as a remedy for the prophet's blindness.

Honey and dead bees were used by Galen for growing hair. "Take Bees dead in combs, and when they are through dry make them into powder, mingle them with the honey in which they died and anoint the parts of the Head that are bald and thin-haired, and you shall see them grow again." The Syriac Book of Medicines recommends a handful of bees roasted in oil as a remedy to turn gray hair black. This ancient book of medical knowledge contains three hundred recipes in which honey is an important ingredient (over fifty of them contain wax).

Celsus recommended raw honey as a laxative and boiled honey as a cure for diarrhea. The reason, he thought, was because "the acrimony is taken away by boyling which wont to move the belly and to diminish the virtue of the food" (Libr. 3 C. 3). Galen recommended boiled and only seldom raw honey but forbids long or too intensive heating because this would make honey bitter. The Hindu physicians assumed that fresh honey was a laxative and honey which was over a year old, an astringent. Pliny burned the bees, mixed their ashes with honey and used the substance for all kinds of ailments: "Powdered bees with milk, wine or honey will surely cure dropsy, dissolve gravel and stones, will open all passages of urine and cure the stopping of the bladder. Bees pounded with honey cure griping of the belly." Muffet also had faith in honey with dead bees. "Honey wherein is found dead Bees is a very wholesome medicine, serving for all diseases." Aelian reported that honey from Pontus cured epilepsy.

Porphyry thought that honey had four excellent qualities: first, it is a nourishing food; second, a good cleanser; third, it has healing power; and fourth, it is pleasant on account of its sweetness. According to Aristoxenus (320 B.C.), anyone who eats honey, spring onions and bread for his daily breakfast will be free from all diseases throughout his lifetime. The ancient Hindus had great faith in the medicinal virtues and magic properties of honey, especially of aged honey. They used it mainly for coughs, pulmonary troubles, gastric and bilious disorders. The famous Arab physicians, such as El Mad joussy and El Basry, all spoke in laudatory terms of the curative power of honey and liberally used it in their professions for a variety of ailments. Arab physicians were reputed to cure tuberculosis with an extract made from the petals of roses and honey. The efficacy of this medicine was recognized for many centuries. Rosed honey is yet an official remedy in most modern pharmacopoeias. Paul of Aegina, Aetius, Oribasius were other honey enthusiasts.

The Koran recommended honey not only as a wholesome food, but as a useful diuretic, a laxative, an excellent remedy for various distempers, particularly those occasioned by phlegm, and also as a substance greatly assisting labor pains.

Norman Douglas decribes in his Paneros the love-philters of antiquity and the value of honey in the preparations of amative elixirs. Besides honey, according to Douglas, the wings of bees have been used.

Honey was an important ingredient of all ancient satyriaca (ad coitum irritantia tentaginem facientia). The ancients had implicit faith in the power of honey to increase strength and virility. (The French consider not only honey but also the sting of the bee a powerful aphrodisiac.) The Hindu novices for priesthood had to abstain from meat, women, perfumes and . . . honey.

The ancients believed that people who fared freely on honey became more congenial and affectionate. They considered honey a cure for a sour disposition and bitter feelings. Pliny said: "All acrimony of the mind is pacified with sweet liquers, the spirits are made peaceable, the passages made softer and fitter for transpiration; and they are also good physick for manners." Pythagoras thought that body and soul function in harmony and that no food could be considered beneficial to one without being subservient to the other. He believed, for instance, that music was food for the soul and likewise conducive to good health. David played the harp before King Saul to cure his melancholy.

Honey for Children

The old Gaelic honey was reputed to have served better for children than any other tonic. The Scotch believed that honey-suckle, a favorite of the bees, contained some kind of a "life-substance." The nomad Arabs, the Bedouins, feed their youths even today on buttermilk and honey. Important antituberculotic and antiscrofulotic effects were attributed to honey by the peasants of many countries, also in children's dietary. Honey and cream or butter for adolescents was considered a safe-guard against tuberculosis. A glass of barley water with a tablespoonful of honey is a popular health-drink for juveniles on account of its mild laxative effect. On the European continent and in all Slavic countries honey is still the preferential sweet for children. The peoples of the Orient are experts in preparing honey-confectionery, called sweetmeats.

Many clinical experiments have been conducted in institutions, not unlike in infant feeding, to test the nutritive and tonic effects of honey on children. The Frauenfelder Home, in the Canton of St. Gallen, Switzerland, is famous for its honey and milk cures. Weak and sickly children are brought there from all parts of the world to recuperate and gain health. If any medical man wishes to be convinced of the nutritive value of honey, he should visit this institution. Dr. P. E. Weesen, of the Frauenfelder sanitarium, experimented in feeding patients in three groups: the first group received normal food; the second group, normal food with honey; and the third group, normal food with tonics and medicaments. The group fed with honey far excelled the other two groups, both in looks and in strength. Facta loquntur!

Dr. Paula Emrich also conducted parallel feeding observations with 100 children. At the start the group which was assigned to be given honey, received a teaspoonful of honey in a cup of warm milk. The honey was gradually increased to as much as two tablespoonfuls daily. Those who manifested digestive disturbances were exempted. To be objective and also to avoid errors the selected groups of children were, as much as possible, of similar types as regard to age, size, constitution, living conditions of their families, hemoglobin content of blood, etc. The children of the separated groups were often sisters and brothers, some of them were even twins. The comparative results and the statistics proved that the children who received honey, but were otherwise on the same diet, after six weeks gained less in weight but more in the hemoglobin content of their blood (12%).

That the mineral elements, such as copper, iron and manganese, which honey contains, have important blood-building functions has been proven by Dr. Rolleder's experiments (on 58 children) in an Austrian orphanage. During the school year he gave half the number of boys one tablespoonful of honey in the morning and the same amount in the afternoon; the other half were not given any. The result was that the children who received honey showed an increase in hemoglobin (8 1/2%); the others showed a corresponding loss. It has been demonstrated by experiments that animals will form decidedly less hemoglobin in their blood when fed on sugar than during a similar period of fasting.

Beyond any doubt, a great error in the present feeding methods for children is to permit them to consume sugar-candy instead of natural sweets. Dr. Seale Harris (New Orleans Med. & Surg. Journ. 81, Sept. 1928) remarks: "The sugar-fed child often becomes rachitic, is prone to acquire colitis and other infections. If he survives infancy he becomes the pale, weak, undernourished child, or the fat flabby indolent and self-indulgent adolescent. Sugar-saturated and vitamin-starving America presents a problem. . . . An ounce of prevention in an infant is worth more than the proverbial pound of cure in an adult. Sugar-fed children will not enjoy milk, eggs, fruit and vegetables to provide them with protein, fats, minerals and vitamins, which are needed for their growth."

Dr. Harris thinks that the sugar-saturated American children are confirmed sugar habitués. They cover their breakfast cereals with sugar, spread sugar-syrup over their pancakes, cheap jams over the muffins and often even sweeten their milk. They are served sweet desserts (the sweeter the better) for lunch and dinner. Between meals they devour candy and ice cream, and indulge in all kinds of sweet "soft" drinks. Candies contain 40 to 6o% of some sort of processed sugars. As a result, these children suffer from flatulence, hyperacidity and headaches and become irritable, restless, capricious and undernourished. They are physically underweight or overweight and mentally precocious or retarded; are easily fatigued and unmanageable, suffer from one cold after another. Physicians, instead of conducting the fashionable search for some non-existent endocrine deficiency, should rather be guided by the fruity breath of acetone of these children, which in itself usually reveals the difficult (?) diagnosis. The French Dr. Le Goff contends that about 8o,000 children die in France from the direct effect of industrial sugar. Dr. Le Goff would not permit in his practice the minutest quantity of sugar in the food and drink of infants and children. The results are astounding because almost all the new-born grow up to robust childhood. Many pediatrists recognize the existence of a so-called "sugar-fever."

Dr. W. E. Deeks also has found that sugar-eating children are badly nourished, pasty-looking, irritable, restless, particularly at night, and frequently suffer from incontinence of urine during sleep; they have decayed teeth, are constipated at times, alternating with diarrhea; they are subject to rheumatism, chorea, recur-ring bronchitis and sore throat. In early infancy they are prone to gastro-intestinal disturbances and eczema. Sugar eaters have, as a rule, a very red and irritated tongue, rapidly recurring hunger with a ravenous appetite which is, however, easily and quickly satisfied; a tendency to heartburn and ineffectual belching.

Digestive disturbances in children predominate in the wealthier classes. When these children grow up they become accustomed to sweets and as adults will persevere in their slow suicidal efforts. The sweet-toothed child becomes a toothless adult. Most oral infections, bleeding gums, decayed teeth and pyorrhea are produced by carbohydrate fermentation, or by some additional harmful substances which candies contain. Sugar fermentation, through the formation of lactic acid and the consequent decalcification, is the main cause of tooth decay. The resisting power of teeth to withstand decalcifying agents varies considerably.

Refined sugars possess a decided affinity for lime and they deprive the teeth and bones of this important mineral substance; in consequence the teeth decay and the bones become weak. Can-dies lack minerals, which fact is a drawback because adolescent children require a great amount of minerals for their teeth. An excessive consumption of candy produces anemia which, in itself, is a contributory cause of dental caries. While refined sugars, of which candy is made, do not contain even a trace of calcium or iron, the ash of 100 gm. of honey contains 6.7% of calcium and 1.2% of iron (Von Bunge). Efforts to replace organic minerals with inorganic ones have always proved a failure. Natural or simple sugars like that found in honey, dates, figs, raisins and other fruits will not cause oral defects. This is proven by the teeth of Arabs, Turks and the African negroes. Half an apple, half a banana, one orange, one fig, or two dates contain the equivalent of two level teaspoonfuls of sugar. But civilized man grows his sweet tooth first and only later his . . wisdom tooth.

The truth of the many accusations that sweet drinks and foods, especially candies, are the main source of tooth-decay was conclusively established by the recent Dental Research Expedition of Columbia University which was sent to the remote areas of the Bering Sea. Dr. L. M. Waugh, leader of the party, states that the Eskimos have perfect teeth so long as they abstain from "civilized" diet. "We found natives," Dr. Waugh reports, "with practically perfect teeth, lacking in decay, so long as they lived in their natural state untouched by the white man and ate their native diet which lacks sugar in its refined form. When the natives are subjected to the white man's diet their teeth decay." Dr. Waugh recommends that natural sugar be substituted for refined sugar and for sweets which contain it.

Food excesses, as a rule, imply fares of which we are fond. Sugar products are pleasing and palatable besides being abundant and cheap. The temptations are great and it requires a certain amount of self-control to resist the craving. We cannot expect, however, such virtue in children; only proper education will en-lighten them. Children have to be taught to resort to natural sugars and not to indulge in devitalized, vitamin-free substances. Universal ailments of children such as dyspepsia, eructation, appendicitis, gall bladder, liver and pancreatic infections, furunculosis, eczema, general debility and many other physical and mental complaints, due mainly to excessive use of sugar, could be eliminated. It is a great public health and educational problem. To supply the proper food for children should be our foremost duty. It is like laying a corner-stone for a better generation. Those who have reached or passed middle-age today have already made so many errors in diet, and their inveterate habits are so firmly established, that they are almost hopeless. To spare pregnant and nursing mothers from an unbalanced and deficient diet should be our next aim. We pay attention to the feeding of thoroughbreds; so why not to that of our own race?

Craving for sweets is a source also of other transgressions be-cause often harmful substances are added to sweet foods and beverages. In an Alabama school, for instance, it was established that 6o% of the children indulged in cola drinks which contain, besides sugar, harmful caffein substances.

American children are the greatest candy-eaters in the world.

All one has to do is to observe the traffic around the candy counters in schools or in the neighborhood candy stores. One seldom sees children without the inevitable lollypops or their near or far relatives. Candies decrease the appetites of children and irritate the delicate linings of their stomachs, this irritation in itself interfering with the absorption of food. Parents should know that starches, such as bread and cereals, manufacture sugar in the organism. Fruits and certain vegetables, of course, contain a considerable amount of natural sugars. Candies will establish an excess in sugar consumption with all its dire consequences. The irony of the situation is that in many schools we find the candy counter in one wing of the building and the dental clinic in another.

Statistics based on examination of a large proportion of over twenty million school children in America show that 15 to 25 per cent have diseased tonsils or adenoids; 50 to 75 per cent have defective teeth; and 15 to 25 per cent suffer from malnutrition (Leete, Mother and Child, 2, 358, 1921). Terman (The Hygiene of the School Child, 1914) also found that fourteen million school children in the United States were handicapped by some kind of physical defect. Medical examinations during drafting of our young men for the World War revealed similar results.

Teeth have a great importance in their relationship to other organs of the body. The value of good teeth as a dependable indicator of health was known during the days of slave-trading when two dollars were deducted from the agreed price of a slave for each decayed tooth (Finke, Medical Geography, I. p. 449). Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes once remarked that longevity de-pends not so much on the importance that children should be born to long-lived parents but to parents with good teeth. The Biblical edict that the sins of the fathers shall be visited on their children also refers to teeth.

The "sugar capacity" of children greatly varies. Dr. Ch. G. Kerley, the noted pediatrist, observed in many children serious maladies which could be traced to the indiscriminate use of candy. Among the diseases he found persistent head-colds, otitis, enlarged tonsils, recurrent bronchitis, bronchial asthma, vomiting, rheumatism, chorea, eczema and urticaria. Kerley found in 78 cases:

Recurrent vomiting 8
Eczema 13
Asthmatic bronchitis 7
Asthma 4
Frequent colds, coryza, tonsilitis 17
Chorea 11
Rheumatism 4
Rheumatism and endocarditis 6
Urticaria 2
Recurrent bronchitis 6

Several cases were conjoined with one or more of the other ailments. Of the group, for instance, there were combinations of:

Eczema, urticaria and rheumatism;
Eczema, urticaria and bronchial asthma;
Eczema and chorea;
Eczema and bronchitis;
Rheumatism and asthmatic bronchitis.

Most of Dr. Kerley's patients improved without medication by simply depriving them of candy. Some of the "sugar susceptibles" were so sensitive to "candy poisoning" that a small piece of candy was sufficient to produce an outbreak. "It would seem," remarks Kerley, "that to some individuals cane-sugar is sufficiently toxic to produce a perversion of functions with symptoms of its own . . . and in others to produce enough change to invite or allow bacterial invasion, as in acute articular rheumatism and endocarditis."

Candy and sweet cakes will produce in children malaise, drowsiness, languor, epigastric heaviness and bilious, green-colored vomiting. Dr. E. H. Bartley reported the case of a girl who vomited two hours after every meal for a year. After inquiry the doctor found that the child had been living almost entirely on cake because her appetite (?) did not crave anything else. The vomiting promptly ceased by withholding the cake. Three weeks later, after eating cake, the child suffered a relapse.

Dr. Bartley reported autopsies on two children who died from excessive indulgence in candy. The result of the autopsies showed an acute and intense inflammation of the gastric mucosa; the candy was not even entirely dissolved and was mixed with the abundant mucus of the stomachs. Some of the gastric contents were ejected by vomiting that preceded death. The coroner's findings were acute inflammation of the stomach and duodenum, caused by excessive eating of candy. Chemical analysis failed to reveal any foreign toxic substances. Candy alone in large quantities is a sufficient irritant. An excessive amount of cane-sugar inhibits the secretion of hydrochloric acid.

Dr. R. Blosser, of Atlanta, Ga., reported the case of a child 8 years old who suffered an attack which was termed delirium tremens, attributed to excessive use of brown sugar. The father, a grocer, allowed him free access to the sugar-barrel, from which the boy indulged between meals. The violent attack lasted for four days and the child had to be "held in bed." After the boy had been forbidden to eat any more sugar, the delirium did not recur. Another proof that sugar contains deleterious substances.

The gastric catarrh of children caused by indulgence in candy has, undoubtedly, a remote effect on the nose, throat and lungs, diffusing the catarrhal condition. In young girls menstrual disturbances and leucorrhea may also supervene. The most harmful effect of candy-orgies is that the victims lose their appetite and as a result exclude highly essential nutriments.

Our schools should show concern and teach more dietetics in-stead of so much theoretical science. It is difficult to depend on parents, considering how most of them . . . feed. With the aid of a little more solicitude on the part of teachers, children could carry the knowledge of proper diet to their homed and educate their parents.

The harm caused by the excess consumption of' candy is not due solely to its sugar content. Cheap candies, to preserve and lend color and flavor, are admixed with sulphates (the hat cleaners also use them), lead, arsenic, benzoate of soda, anilin and other coal-tar dyes which are decidedly toxic. We Americans are past-masters in preserving and adulterating food materials. Years ago several foreign countries forbade the importation of California dried fruits because they had been sulphured. The imputation that we are a nation of 100,000,000 guinea pigs (why disregard the other 30 million worthy fellow-citizens?) must have had some justification and the epithet adduced by substantial evidence.

There is a little story about a Christmas party which a charitable lady gave to the working girls of a provincial town. Among the divertisements of the evening, each girl received as a gift a box of chocolates. When the jollity ended and the crowd dispersed, a group of girls who were ready to depart did not take the boxes of candy. The hostess reminded them of their apparent oversight but the girls answered in unison: "No, thank you, we know this candy; we make it."

Honey - The Wonderful

HONEY, a most assimilable carbohydrate compound, is a singularly acceptable, practical and most effective aliment to generate heat, create and replace energy, and furthermore, to form certain tissues. Honey, besides, supplies the organism with substances for the formation of enzymes and other biological ferments to promote oxidation. It has distinct germicidal properties and in this respect greatly differs from milk which is an exceptionally good breeding-ground for bacteria. Honey is a most valuable food, which today is not sufficiently appreciated. Its frequent if not daily use is vitally important.

The universal and natural craving for sweets of some kind proves best that there is a true need for them in the human system. Children, who expend lots of energy, have a real "passion" for sweets. This is really instinct. Proteins will replace and build tissues but it is the function and assignment of carbohydrates to create and replace heat and energy, and to provide what we call Honey, which contains two invert sugars, levulose and dextrose, has many advantages as a food substance. While cane-sugar and starches, as already intimated, must undergo during digestion a process of inversion which changes them into grape and fruit-sugars, in honey this is already accomplished because it has been predigested by the bees, inverted and concentrated. This saves the stomach additional labor. For a healthy human body, which is capable of digesting sugar, the actuality that honey is an already predigested sugar has less importance, but in a case of weak digestion, especially in those who lack invertase and amylase and depend on monosaccarides, it is a different matter and deserves consideration.

The consummation of this predigestive act is accomplished by the enzymes invertase, amylase and catalase, which are produced by the worker bee in such large quantities that they can be found in every part of their bodies. However, there is plenty of it left in honey for our benefit. The remarkable convertive power of these enzymes can be pif oven by a simple experiment. If we add one or two tablespoonful of raw honey to a pint of concentrated solution of sucrose, the mixture will soon be changed into invert sugar. The addition of boiled honey, in which the enzymes have been destroyed, will not accomplish such a change.

The frequent Biblical references to milk and honey demonstrate the importance of these two oldest aliments. Neither, how-ever, is a complet food nor a proper nutriment alone for a long period of time. They are effective only to supplement deficiencies of other food substances.

Milk has many drawbacks. As mentioned, it is an excellent breeding medium for bacteria. The inhabitants of the East quickly sour the milk of cows, goats, sheep, mares and camels and prepare curds and cheese from it, because in warm climates milk cannot be preserved otherwise. Honey, on the other hand, requires little attention and does not deteriorate even in the tropics. Honey has often been given reference over milk. It is not surprising that Van Helmont gave milk the epithet, "brute's food" and suggested bread, boiled in ber and honey, as a substitute. Liebig also recommended a substitute for milk. Honey has many advantages as a staple article of diet to secure optimum nutrition.

Health Benefits of Really Raw Honey

It's no secret! Unprocessed honey, straight from the hive, has been used worldwide for millennia to promote healing.

We've gathered an extensive "intelligence base" both old and new, from medical journals, historic references, leading research facilities and the National Honey Board. Here's just a sampling of how Really Raw Honey is being used with amazing results.

Aids stomach and digestion

"In digestive disturbances honey is of great value. Honey does not ferment in the stomach because, being an inverted sugar, it is easily absorbed and there is no danger of a bacterial invasion. The flavor of honey excites the appetite and helps digestion. The propoma of the ancients, made of honey, was a popular appetizer.

"For anemics, dyspeptics, convalescents and the aged, honey is an excellent reconstructive and tonic. In malnutrition, no food or drug can equal it. The laxative value of honey, on account of its lubricating effect, is well known. Its fatty acid content stimulates peristalsis. In gastric catarrh, hyperacidity, gastric and duodenal ulcers and gall bladder diseases, honey is recommended by several eminent gastroenterologists.

Dr. Schacht, of Wiesbaden, claims to have cured many hopeless cases of gastric and intestinal ulcers with honey and without operations. It is rather unusual that a physician of standing has the courage and conviction to praise honey. The beekeepers and their friends know that honey will cure gastric and intestinal ulcerations, this distressing, prevalent and most dangerous malady, a precursor of cancer. But the news has not yet reached 99% of the medical profession. The remaining few physicians who know of it, are afraid to suggest such an unscientific and plebeian remedy, for fear of being laughed at by their colleagues and scientifically inclined patients. You may read in almost every issue of agricultural papers the reports of correspondents regarding their experience with honey for gastric ulcers, after going through the medical mill for years without improvement, without even hope of ever getting cured. Then incidentally, they meet a beekeeper or one of his converts and if they have courage and common sense (there are few) to heed the advise, they get well. It is disheartening for a physician to read such reports.

For instance, a correspondent A.L.T. of Omaha, Nebraska, writes in Gleanings in Bee Culture, February, 1931, "I have been a sufferer from ulcerated stomach for several years, part time in the hospital, part time in bed and nearly all the time in much pain. I noticed from the middle of September I was much better and gave no thought to the reason but kept up eating honey because I relished it. I had no attack since and it held good." It would fill a volume to assemble similar testimonials, praising particularly the curative value of honey in gastric and intestinal disorders, including ulcers. Father Kneipp, a great admirer of honey, remarked, "Smaller ulcers in the stomach are quickly contracted, broken, and healed by it."

The above historical information from the 1930s and contemporary commentary compiled from: Honey and Your Health, Bodog F. Beck, M.D. and Doree Smedley, Health Resources Press, Inc., Silver Spring, MD, 1997.

Honey as a treatment for stomach ulcers.
A team of researchers from the University of Waikato in New Zealand studied whether honey could benefit those afflicted with the H. pylori bacterium known to cause gastric ulcers. Within three days, honey stopped the growth of bacterium colonies!

For treating allergies

Ada, Oklahoma (AP) - An Oklahoma allergist told a meeting of 150 beekeepers that raw honey is an effective treatment for 90 per cent of all allergies. Dr. William G. Peterson, an allergist from Ada in the 1950's, said he now has 22,000 patients across the nation who are using raw honey along with more customary medications to relieve allergy symptoms.

"It must be raw honey because raw honey contains all the pollen, dust and molds that cause 90 per cent of all allergies," he told a meeting of the Oklahoma Beekeepers Association. "What happens is that the patient builds up an immunity to pollen, dust or mold that is causing his trouble in the first place. The raw honey must "not be strained, not even through a cloth." he added. "I know the customer wants good, clear strained honey, and that's fine, but for health reasons, raw honey is what we need."

Dr. Peterson said he and the 20 doctors at his clinic at Ada normally prescribe a daily teaspoon of raw honey. The honey treatment continues even after the allergy is under control.

Information excerpt from "Bee Hive Product Bible" (pages 127-130)

Much of the effectiveness of raw honey to help treat respiratory problems has been traced to the bee pollen and propolis suspended within it. According to a research report from Bulgria, they found the honey has anti-allergic, anti-imflammatory, and expectorant properties that insure the body has an immunobiological defense and give it the capacity to regenerate its attacked cells. Research on using raw honey to treat respiratory problems shows the following results: Of the 17,862 patients treated with honey, 8,836 were men and 9,026 were women. Most of the patients ranged in age from 21 to 60 years old. After treatmetn the results were:

Respiratory problem Without Symptoms Improved Condition Temporary Improvement No Effect
Chronic Bronchitis 64.41% 23.5% 6.3% 5.69%
Asthmatic Bronchitis 62% 26.4% 5.6% 6%
Bronchial Asthma 55.44% 30.25% 5.80% 8.51%
Chronic Rhinitis 82% 14% 4%
Allergic Rhinitis 62% 22% 6% 6%
Sinusitis 56% 14% 16% 14%

Read what a user said about using Really Raw Honey to clear her allergies.

For healing ulcers and burns

Also many years ago, a study by Robert Bloomfield, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, reports "Applied every 2 to 3 days under a dry dressing, honey promotes healing of ulcers and burns better than any other local application. It can also be applied to other surface wounds, including cuts and abrasions..."

Honey has anti-cancer properties.

Recent studies by Gribel and Pashinskii indicated that honey possessed moderate antitumor and pronounced anti-metastatic effects in five different strains of rat and mouse tumors. Furthermore, honey potentiated the antitumor activity of chemotherapeutic drugs such as 5-fluorouracil and cyclophosphamide.
-- Gribel, N.V., and Pashinskii, V.G. Antitumor properties of honey. Vopr. Onkol., 36:704-709, 1990.

C.V. Rao at the American Health Foundation in Valhalla, New York found caffeic acids in propolis are inhibitors of colon cancers in animals. Other research shows hive products have the ability to prevent and halt the spread of malignant diseases. Earlier research by M.T. Huang also published in Cancer Research found caffeic acids effective in inhibiting skin cancer tumors in mice.
-- American Bee Journal, June 1994

Try It and Believe It!

For skin rashes, burns and abrasions. Apply a small amount of Really Raw Honey lightly over the affected area; may cover with a dressing or a dusting of cornstarch to reduce any stickiness.

The ultimate moisturizer.
Smooth a small amount of Really Raw Honey lightly over the skin; easily remove later with splashes of cold water or comfortable warm water. Leaves skin baby soft.

As a bath and antibacterial soap.
Wash with Really Raw Honey straight from the jar and enjoy sparkling clean skin. Facial blemishes and acne caused by cosmetics or allergies will clear up quickly using a nightly treatment of RRH. A small amount needed.

For hair and scalp treatment.
Apply Really Raw Honey (with or without olive oil) to dry or damp hair about one half hour before washing--you'll be amazed at your "crowning glory". See skin recipes.

For dental care and mouth sores.
Cleans teeth, mouth and dentures and stops bleeding gums. Canker sores, blisters and mouth ulcers respond to application of Really Raw Honey.

An astounding natural preservative.
Unprocessed honey found in ancient tombs was determined to be edible and was even used to preserve bodies. Keeps foods fresh and moist longer and retards spoilage.

Honey is antiseptic, antibiotic, antifungal, and antibacterial -- it never spoils!

Health Benefits of Honey

Natural honey has been used by mankind since the past 2,500 years, all over the world. While the numerous health benefits of honey have made it an important aspect of traditional medicines such as Ayurveda, scientists are also researching the benefits of honey in modern medicine, especially in healing wounds.

Known as Honig in German, Miele in Italian, Shahad in Hindi, Miel in French, Miel in Spanish, Mel in Portuguese, мед in Russian, Honing in Dutch, and μελι in Greek, there is hardly any region in the world where honey is not cherished.

What makes honey so popular? It is the ease with which it can be consumed. One can eat honey directly, put it on bread like a jam, mix it with juice or any drink instead of sugar, or mix it with warm water, lime juice, cinnamon and other herbs to make a medicine. It is savored by all due to its taste as well as health benefits.

The health benefits of honey include the following:

Sweetener: Sugar can be substituted with honey in many food and drinks. Honey contains about 69% glucose and fructose enabling it to be used as a sweetener.

Energy Source: Honey is also used by many as a source of energy as it provides about 64 calories per tablespoon. One tablespoon of sugar will give you about 50 calories. Further the sugars in honey can be easily converted into glucose by even the most sensitive stomachs. Hence it is very easy to digest honey.

Weight Loss: Though honey has more calories than sugar, honey when consumed with warm water helps in digesting the fat stored in your body. Similarly honey and lemon juice and honey and cinnamon help in reducing weight.

Improving Athletic Performance: Recent research has shown that honey is an excellent ergogenic aid and helps in boosting the performance of athletes. Honey facilitates in maintaining blood sugar levels, muscle recuperation and glycogen restoration after a workout.

Source of Vitamins and Minerals: Honey contains a variety of vitamins and minerals. The vitamin and mineral content of honey depends on the type of flowers used for apiculture.

Antibacterial and Antifungal Properties: Honey has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties and hence it can be used as a natural antiseptic.

Antioxidants: Honey contains nutraceuticals, which are effective in removing free radicals from our body. As a result, our body immunity is improved.

Skin Care with Milk and Honey: Milk and honey are often served together as both these ingredients help in getting a smooth soothing skin. Hence consuming milk and honey daily in the morning is a common practice in many countries.

Honey in Wound Management
Significant research is being carried out to study the benefits of honey in treating wounds. Nursing Standard provides some of these benefits in the document - The benefits of honey in wound management. These have been given below:

  • Honey possesses antimicrobial properties.
  • It helps in promoting autolytic debridement.
  • It deodorizes malodorous wounds.
  • It speeds up the healing process by stimulating wound tissues.
  • It helps in initiating the healing process in dormant wounds.
  • Honey also helps in promoting moist wound healing.

The healing powers of honey are not hyped. The Waikato Honey Research Unit provides details about the world-wide research that is being carried out on the benefits of honey in medicine. Further, BBC reported in July, 2006 that doctors at the Christie Hospital in Didsbury, Manchester are planning to use honey for faster recovery of cancer patients after surgery. Such research will provide scientific evidence to the so-called beliefs held by honey lovers all over the world and help in propagating benefits of honey to more people.

Now that you know the benefits of honey, how do you eat it? You can eat it raw, add it it in water and different beverages and you can add it in several recipes also. Organic Facts has published an ebook on quick and easy honey recipes.

Honey Benefits

Honey is a sweet treat. It is man's oldest sweetener and it can be a good substitute for sugar in our drinks and food. But it is also good for many other things and treating many other conditions. Reliance on commercialized medicines which contains too many chemicals can become hazardous to our health. See also the benefits of Manuka Honey.

Honey is composed of sugars like glucose and fructose and minerals like magnesium, potassium, calcium, sodium chlorine, sulphur, iron and phosphate. It contains vitamins B1, B2, C, B6, B5 and B3 all of which change according to the qualities of the nectar and pollen. Besides the above, copper, iodine, and zinc exist in it in small quantities. Several kinds of hormones are also present in it.

Approximately one half of the human diet is derived directly or indirectly from crops pollinated by bees. Today honeybees are an essential part of a healthy agriculture economy. If you have allergies, honey can be beneficial and if you eat honey that is local to your area, it may prevent your seasonal allergies. Bees use the pollen from local plants and eventually it ends up in your honey.

Approximately one half of the human diet is derived directly or indirectly from crops pollinated by bees. Today honeybees are an essential part of a healthy agriculture economy. If you have allergies, honey can be beneficial and if you eat honey that is local to your area, it may prevent your seasonal allergies. Bees use the pollen from local plants and eventually it ends up in your honey.

Honey may also be good for your skin. It has the ability to attract water. You can use honey instead of alpha hydroxy masks because of its high content of the acid. It is also safe for sensitive skin.

If you have a sore throat, take some honey. Due to its natural anti-inflammatory effect, it will help to heal the wounds more quickly. It also has different phytochemicals chemicals found in plants and different foods that kill viruses, bacteria, and fungus making it a good substitute for wound dressings.
There is evidence that honey diluted in water will help with your stomachaches and dehydration.

Do you have a cut? Honey is a natural antiseptic. By applying honey to your wounds, you prevent infections. Honey contains antimicrobial agents, which prevents infections by killing the bacteria in and around your wounds. Many types of bacteria can’t survive in honey, so wounds heal, swelling eases, and tissue can grow back.

Honey may also be effective in the treatment of your ulcers. In Europe, honey has been used internally to help cure ulcers, particularly stomach ulcers.

Burns, too, heal better with honey, studies show. The advantage of honey is that it not only prevents infections from occurring, it actually accelerates skin healing. Since the sugar in honey absorbs water it helps to trap some of the moisture so that the bacteria and other microbes can’t grow as easily as in other food.